Tipsa en vän om en artikel

Cold fusion may provide one megawatt in Athens

“We will open up a heating plant of one megawatt in Athens, Greece this Fall,” Andrea Rossi told Ny Teknik.
Rossi is the inventor of the ‘energy catalyzer’ demonstrated recently in Italy, that is based possibly on cold fusion.

Andrea Rossi (left) at the demonstration in Bologna.

Andrea Rossi (left) at the demonstration in Bologna. Foto: Daniele Passerini

The energy catalyzer.

The energy catalyzer. Foto: Daniele Passerini

“Here in the factory in Miami, we have one hundred reactors like the one we showed in Bologna, almost ready. The problems now have to do with authorization, but I expect that the heating plant in Athens will be inaugurated in September or October 2011,” Rossi told Ny Teknik, calling from Miami, FL.

(Update: Read our interview with the Greek company Defkalion Green Technologies here).

The demonstration of the ‘energy catalyzer,’ as Rossi prefers to call it, was made in Bologna on the 14th of January, 2011, under the supervision of independent scientific representatives of Bologna University.

For about an hour it produced approximately 10 kilowatts of net power, loaded with one gram of nickel powder pressurized with hydrogen. The inventors calculate an available energy equivalent to 517 tons (we have noted that the result should be 517 kg. Rossi has now confirmed that this is an error in the application.) of oil per gram of nickel.

Physicist researcher Giuseppe Levi, one of the observers, drew these conclusions in his report on the experiment:

“The amount of power and energy produced during both tests is indeed impressive and, together with the self-sustaining state reached during [Test 1] could be an indication that the system is working as a new type of energy source.”

(Read our interview with Levi here).

The problem was that the observers were not allowed to examine the reactor. Yet Giuseppe Levi considers combustion as a hidden energy source to be unlikely. One possible explanation is a kind of cold fusion between nickel and hydrogen, though the inventor Rossi and his advisor Professor Sergio Focardi until now have said that they lack a clear theory, at least officially.

“The truth is a little different. I have very specific ideas about the theoretical aspects. But they are so closely related to an industrial secret that I prefer to keep them secret,” Rossi explained.

Ny Teknik: We talked with the Swedish physicist Hanno Essén who has the hypothesis that it may involve runaway electrons at relativistic speeds (near speed of light) that form a kind of plasma (his paper here). Would that be possible?

“It is certainly a very intelligent theory. The person who says this surely has a very high level of preparation. It demonstrates that we must be very careful not to expose anything before the patent is granted,” Rossi answered.

Rossi made a patent application in his and his wife’s name in August 2008. He expects some form of approval in a few months.

“We need to see which claims in the patent application will be approved, because if fundamental key claims are approved than we can quietly drop our silence on what we believe may be valuable industrial secrets. If, on the other hand, crucial claims are not approved, we will necessarily have to maintain our silence on the industrial secrets.”

“It is clear, you’ll surely point out, that once we start selling the product the secrets will be revealed. I know that, too, but of course we will try to exploit it commercially as far as possible. And then it is impossible to avoid the reality that sooner or later it will be copied.”

Rossi admits that the demonstration with a ‘secret bottle’ created much uncertainty. “Therefore, I would have preferred to wait.”

It seems instead to have been Rossi’s scientific adviser over the past four years, Professor Sergio Focardi, who wanted to show off the results.

“I would have done it earlier. You know, when you achieve results it is gratifying to spread the word on them. Moreover, I am 78 years old and cannot wait that long,” Focardi told Ny Teknik.

He mentions the famous experiments by researchers Martin Fleischmann and Stanley Pons on cold fusion between deuterium and palladium in 1989 as a start of the story. Focardi himself collaborated with the Italian professor Piantelli at the University Of Siena, Italy, using nickel and hydrogen.

“We got modest results – not as big as now – that we published, while those who continued with palladium and deuterium never saw anything at all.”

Though not even Focardi knows exactly how Rossi’s apparatus is constructed, he is convinced of its importance.

“I believe, forgive me if I say it, that this is the greatest discovery in human history. For the results will be immense: clean energy at (almost) zero cost.”

Ny Teknik: Do you think it will be rewarded the Nobel Prize?

“If they award us the Nobel Prize, I think it would be well deserved. But that’s not what interests me. You know, rewards are something I usually give myself.”

Rossi is the sole constructor of the unit. Only he and those working on building the reactors at the company Leonardo Corporation’s facilities in Miami, FL (Leonardo Corporation was founded by Rossi in 1997) know exactly how it is designed.

The secret lies primarily in materials acting as some kind of catalysts.

“That’s the crucial point that makes it work – not in a laboratory for a few seconds producing a few watts, but as a device producing continuously. Just to have nickel react with hydrogen is no news. That has been done for years,” Rossi said.

Ny Teknik: What response do you expect from the oil industry?

“Oil companies are controlled by highly intelligent people and I expect an intelligent response, a response aimed at integrating this new energy source with others. We should not think that this is a miracle solution that sweeps away all others–you know, ‘here comes Superman!’ This is surely a very important energy source whose destiny is to be integrated with others. Therefore I wouldn’t be surprised if deals will be made,” Rossi said.

- - - -

READ MORE: Our complete coverage on Rossi's E-cat can be found here.

- - - -

The editorial staff voted for skepticism

Ny Teknik’s editorial staff did a quick show of hands on Rossi’s energy source. The result: two-thirds do not believe in it. Rossi responded.

“I feel honored that one-third is willing not to dismiss it immediately. That’s actually a high percentage. I am delighted, not least because we’re talking about Sweden, which we all know has world-class engineering. In Bologna, where everyone knows about our apparatus, we have much lower percentages,” Rossi said.

“And that's normal. Because once science is structured on certain assumptions, it is ready to evolve, but only on the foundations of a robust and important skepticism – before you rewrite a book you must verify that the prerequisites are actually there.”

“But the final word will be the market’s. Once that there are plants around that work, you can of course say that they do not work only in theory – it is just like the famous story of the bumblebee that theoretically cannot fly. But since it doesn’t know physics it flies anyway.”

- - - -

READ MORE: Our complete coverage on Rossi's E-cat can be found here.

Fakta The Energy Catalyzer

Demonstrated in Bologna on January 14, 2011.

Patent pending: WO/2009/125444

Read the inventors' paper on the technology (not accepted by main scentific journals but published on Rossi's own web site Journal of Nuclear Physics).

Into a metal tube of 1-2 liters containing unknown catalysts approximately one gram of 99.999 percent pure nickel powder is introduced. It’s then pressurized with hydrogen to between 2 and 20 bar.

The contents are heated by an electrical resistance source at a power of about 1 kW, which is then lowered to about 700 W.

The reaction starts producing 10-12 kW of power, which in Bologna was used to heat water to 101 degrees Centigrade. During the demonstration, 13 liters of water were vaporized in approximately one hour.

The reaction forms copper – according to Rossi, higher levels of copper than nickel have been detected after the reaction.

The observers, who could freely choose their measuring instruments, stated that:
- they attached the hydrogen to the reactor themselves
- less than one gram of hydrogen was consumed
- no hidden connections were detected

According to the patent application, the available energy is equivalent to 517 tons (we have noted that the result should be 517 kg. Rossi has now confirmed that this is an error in the application.) of oil per gram of nickel.

The cost of the energy catalyzers is calculated to be about 2,000 Euro per installed kW. Production cost of the energy is, according to the inventors, less than 1 cent per kWh.

The energy catalyzers can be connected in series to gradually raise the temperature to about 500 degrees C (which produce vapor at the pressure of 55 bar, for turbine operation), and connected in parallel for greater energy production.

The energy catalyzers are manufactured at Leonardo Corporation’s factory in Miami. Additional production plants are, according to Rossi, being built in Greece.

One customer – a newly formed consortium of energy distributors – should exist in Greece, and two others in the United States. These customers will sell energy catalyzers in Europe and the USA.

Andrea Rossi, founder and chief technology officer at Leonardo Corporation, gets a royalty on sales. Sergio Focardi has a commercial agreement with Rossi.

Leonardo Corporation’s main business presently consists of generators fueled by vegetable oil and animal fats which are also suplied by the company. The technology has connections with Rossi’s former business as a pioneer within biodiesel (see below).

- - - -

Andrea Rossi

Born June 3, 1950

Doctor's Degree in Philosophy (Dottore Magistrale in Filosofia) from the Università Degli Studi Di Milan.

Rossi was, with his company Petroldragon, a pioneer within biofuel in the ‘80s. It was produced from recycled organic household and industrial waste.

The business became illegal in 1987 after an amendment to the Italian laws on waste treatment.

Rossi, who was then ruined, claims that there was a link to the Italian Mafia’s wakening interest in waste management at the time (see Italian Wikipedia, and Rossi's own site:

- - - -

Sergio Focardi

Born July 6, 1932

Professor Emeritus of Experimental Physics at the Università di Bologna.

Has done research within experimental physics on strong, weak, electromagnetic and gravitational interaction.

Author of a dozen books of physics and more than 70 scientific articles.

Mats Lewan Av: Mats Lewan
Mejla reportern

Ny Tekniks dagliga nyhetsbrev - Teckna nu, kostnadsfritt!


Debattinlägg blir automatiskt tillgängliga för andra användare så snart den som skrivit ett inlägg har publicerat det. Var och en ansvarar själv för innehållet i sina inlägg.

Det går inte längre att kommentera denna artikel.

14 kommentarer Sortera: Äldsta överst

Nu visas kommentar 1-5
Visa fler kommentarer:
Pirate bay-logga och lagbok

Bredbandsbolaget slipper blockera Pirate Bay

De fem rättighetsinnehavarnas krav avslås helt. 25 kommentarer

Dom i Pirate Bay-målet idag

TEKNIKSVEPET. Black Hole Friday, Pirate Bay-fallet avgörs och ny jordbruksdrönare. 2 kommentarer

Illustration av grafen

Grafenmembran tar mikrofon till nya höjder

Med ett membran av grafen blev känsligheten 15 dB högre i en kondensatormikrofon. 10 kommentarer

"EU slår undan benen för ett fossilfritt Sverige"

"EU slår undan benen för ett fossilfritt Sverige"

Att blanda in biodrivmedel i det fossila bränslet är den enda realistiska vägen. 46 kommentarer

Japansk ubåt av Soryu-klass.

Japan beslutar om ubåt till Australien

Japans regering ska erbjuda Australien utvecklingsprojekt kring en ny ubåt för att hålla undan europeiska konkurrenter.

Grafik av Jonas Askergren

Mikronät styr kraften dit den behövs mest

GRAFIK. I stället för att bygga nya elnät kan de gamla göras smartare - både i Ludvika och utvecklingsländer. 21 kommentarer

Smarta nät ger el åt byar i Uganda

Ett svenskt företag elektrifierar byar i Uganda genom mikronät som drivs med sol och jordbruksrester. 1 kommentar

Kollage av IBM:s dator Watson och Robert LeBlanc

IBM:s superdator sjunger för Bob Dylan

Jeopardysegrande datorn Watson används numera av försäkringsbolag, oljeprospekterare och i en leksaksdinosaurie.

Leksaken Dino från Cognitoys

Leksaken som lär sig om barnet

Leksaken Dino, med uppkoppling till Watson, lanseras i december. Med artificiell intelligens blir Dino smartare med tiden. 3 kommentarer

Raspberry P1 på en femdollars-sedel

Dator för en femtiolapp från Raspberry Pi

Den populära enkortsdatorn Raspberry Pi har släppts i en ny version den här veckan. 18 kommentarer

Ericsson har 5g-prototyp klar

Ericsson har 5g-prototyp klar

Ericsson har tagit fram en 5g-prototyp, som japanska NTT Docomo ska testa i sitt mobilnät i vår. 5 kommentarer

Översnöad cykel

Se hur klimatet förändras där du bor

SMHI visar hur temperatur, nederbörd och växtsäsong förändras i olika delar av Sverige. 19 kommentarer

2015 - varmaste året hittills

2015 blir troligen det varmaste året på jorden sedan mätningarna började. Men 2015 blir historiskt också av andra skäl enligt den internationella organisationen för meteorologi WMO. 12 kommentarer

Putsfasad läcker 
– efter lagning

Putsfasad läcker – efter lagning

Enstegstätade fasader som reparerats läcker på nytt. 31 kommentarer

Kinas flagga

Kina slår laserrekord

Åter igen har ett nytt laserrekord satts, denna gång i Shanghai med en toppeffekt på 5,13 petawatt.

Brandövningsplatsen vid flygflottiljen F17 intill Kallinge tros ha orsakat föroreningen av grundvattnet.

Skattebetalarna får stå för kostnaden

Efter Försvarets övningar i Kallinge, nu kommer notan för det förorenade vattnet. 6 kommentarer

Försvarets giftnota: Cirka tio miljoner

Kostnaden för förorenade dricksvattnet kan stiga.

Gift hittat i vattentäkter

Naturvårdsverket har analyserat vatten från drygt 180 tilltänkta källor för dricksvatten.

Rysk militär får helikopter för arktisk kyla

Rysk militär får helikopter för arktisk kyla

Ryska försvarsministeriet fick på onsdagen den första av sina beställda helikoptrar speciellt framtagna för uppdrag i Arktis. 17 kommentarer

Michael Holmudden på Semcom testar sin nya programvara som gör 3d-konstruktioner i en fabriksmiljö mer verkliga. Här är han i Assa OEM:s nya fabrik.

Virtual reality tar plats i industrin

Billig mobilteknik har gjort virtual reality tillgängligt för konsumenterna. Nu är det dags för industrin att haka på. 3 kommentarer

Bättre fabriksmiljö med vr

Med vr kan arbetsmiljön testas redan på planeringsstadiet.

Pilotfabriken för tillverkning av fordonsbränslen i Piteå hotas av nedläggning

Pengarna slut för biofabrik

Samtliga anställda vid LTU Green Fuels i Piteå har varslats. 32 kommentarer

Japansk tågjätte
storsatsar i Texas

Japansk tågjätte storsatsar i Texas

Planerar för snabbtågslinje med Shinkansen. 21 kommentarer


”Elen måste bli dyrare när efterfrågan är störst”


Kapa topparna i elförbrukningen och reformera elcertifikaten. Det måste helt enkelt bli dyrare att använda el när efterfrågan är som störst, skriver Karin Medin på Söderenergi och Gustav Melin, Svebio. 281 kommentarer

Instrumentbrädan på en Tesla och varningstriangel, kollage

Myndighet granskar Teslas nya autopilot

Ny Tekniks provkörning slutade med punktering. Nu ska Transportstyrelsen utreda om bilarna får köras i Sverige. 52 kommentarer

Ny Tekniks Ola Jacobsens slutsats: Använd autopiloten förnuftigt och var alltid redo att ta över ratten. Namnet bedrar.

Punktering för Teslas nya autopilot

NY TEKNIK TESTAR. Vi har testat elbilens nya autopilot. Det höll på att sluta i diket. 93 kommentarer

Wright Flyer i pepperkaksdeg

Tävling! Baka bästa teknikbygget

Greppa kaveln och ställ upp i Ny Tekniks baktävling.


Senaste quizen

Alla våra quiz
Tove Larsson, Andreas Rolén, Piérre Reimertz, Alexander Widar, Hanna Kowalska Elleberg, Tomas Ohlson, Malin Anker

De hackar för ett bättre flyktingmottagande

Ett gäng utvecklare i Göteborg vill bidra till frivilligorganisationer.

Karin Bojs, vetenskapsjournalist

Årets fackbok hyllar ingenjörers framsteg

Bok om dna-teknikens framväxt prisas. 1

Människor i Shanghai fotar med mobiler

10 viktigaste mobiltrenderna

Gartners analytiker om det viktigaste nästa år. 5

Så lär du dig sluta prata i tid

Så lär du dig sluta prata i tid

KARRIÄR. Kroppsspråk ger svar. 2

Spelkontroll för mobilen

Spelkontroll för mobilen

Med flera knappar och styrspakar blir mobilspelen roligare. 2

Konflikt mellan två ingenjörer

Lär dig hantera arga personer

”Låt dig inte provoceras”, råder mentala coachen. 2

Yumi har fått sitt första jobb

Yumi har fått sitt första jobb

Snart börjar Yumi på sin första arbetsplats. 1

Superdatorn är ohotad på toppen

Superdatorn är ohotad på toppen

Toppar listan över världens mest kraftfulla datorer. 14

33-listans logga

Nu kan du söka till 33-listan

Bygger ditt företag på en banbrytande innovation? Siktar ni på en internationell marknad? .

Google har blivit smartare

Google har blivit smartare

Googles söktjänst hanterar mer komplexa frågor. 9


Tyskland drar ifrån Sverige i robotligan

Robotiseringen ger ökad produktivitet, visar forskning. 6

Se den dramatiska kometlandningen

Se den dramatiska kometlandningen

Philaes landning på kometen har rekonstruerats. 10

Oculus Rift

Jobba nära fast på distans

AUTOMATION. Augmented reality har nått industrin.


Senaste videoklippen


Visa alla

Hitta konsulten

Sök bland tusentals konsulter på nya